. .
Effects of pharmacological blockers on action potential




Journal Articles:


1) Narahashi, T. Chemical as tools in the study of excitable membrane. Physiol. Rev. 54: 813-889, 1974. 


2) Narahashi, T., H.G. Haas and E.F.Therrien. Saxitoxin and tetrodotoxin: Comparision of nerve blocking mechanism. Science 157: 1441-1442, 1967.


3) Narahashi, T., J. W. Moore and W. R. Scott. Tetrodotoxin blockage of sodium conductance increase in lobster giant axons. J. Gen. Physiol. 47: 965-974, 1964.


4) Nakajima, S., S. Iwasaki and K. Obata. Delayed rectification and anomalous rectification in frog’s skeletal muscle membrane. J. Gen. Physiol. 46: 97-115, 1962. 


5) Katz, B., and Miledi, R. Tetodotoxin-resistant electric activity in presynaptic terminals. J. Physiology, 203, 459-487, 1969. 


6) Schimidt, H., and Staempfli, R. The effect of tetraethylammonium chloride on the individual, 1966. 


7) Benoit, P. R. and Mambrini J. Modification of transmitter release by ions which prolong the presynaptic action potential. J. Physiol., 210, 681-695, 1970.


8) Koketsu, K. Action of tetraethylammonium chloride on neuromuscular transmission in frogs. Am. J. Physiol., 193, 213-218, 1958. 


9) Payton, B. W., and Shand, D. G. Actions of gallamine and tetraethylammonium at the frog neuromuscular junction. Br. J. Pharmac, 28, 23-34, 1966. 




1) Ion Channels of excitable membrane by Bertil Hille, Second Edition, 1940. 


2) Neuroscience by Dale Purves, George J. Augustine, David Fitzpatrick, William C. Hall, Anthony-Samuel Lamantia, James O. McNamara, S. Mark Williams, Third Edition, 2004.


3) Ion Channels, Methods in Enzymology by Bernardo Rudy, Linda E. Iverson, 1992.

Cite this Simulator:

..... .....

Copyright @ 2021 Under the NME ICT initiative of MHRD

 Powered by AmritaVirtual Lab Collaborative Platform [ Ver 00.13. ]