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Optimal Foraging : Searching Predators that Maximize Energy





  1. Perspectives in Ornithology: Essays Presented for the Centennial of the American Ornithologists Union - Alan H. Brush (Editor), George A. Clark Jr. (Editor)
  2. Foraging: behavior and ecology , David W. Stephens, Joel Steven Brown, Ronald C. Ydenberg, University of Chicago Press Ltd, London, 2007.



  1. Huey, R. B. and E. R. Pianka. Ecological consequences of foraging mode. Ecology 62: 991-999,1981
  2. MacArthur, R. H. and E. R. Pianka. On optimal use of a patchy environment. Amer. Natur. 100: 603-609,1966.
  3. Eric L Charnov.Optimal foraging, the marginal value theorem.Theorectical population biology,9(2),1976
  4. Graham H. Pyke. Optimal Foraging Theory: A Critical Review. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst.15(523-75), 1984.




  1. http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~varanus/foraging.html
  2. http://www.mendeley.com/research/optimal-foraging-theory-marine-context-3/




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